Wine has become an integral part of our culture; it helps us cherish our evenings and enjoy our celebrations, but have you ever wondered when this started? Wine certainly isn’t a recent invention. In fact, it dates back more than thousands of years. Let’s talk about the history of wine, starting from as far back as 5400 BCE.
The earliest traces of alcohol were found in sixty-million-year-old fossils, which indicate that wine is a lot older than we may have imagined. However, the date varies slightly, as it’s hard to differentiate between overripe grapes and wine once they have turned into fossils. Nevertheless, Haji Firuz tepe, near Zaragoza Mountain, Iran, hosts the oldest wine artifacts that date back to the Neolithic period. Carbon dating of these samples showed them to be as old as 5400 BCE.
The Persian Fable
According to a Persian anecdote, the prince of Persia decided to leave her princess over her mistake. The divorce was a heartbreak for the princess. She decided to take her life by consuming the old, fermented grapes on the table. Although the princess failed in her mission, she discovered the now infamous beverage.
The consumption of the fermented beverage let her escape her woes and enter a subconscious state where her body enjoyed unimaginable peace. The narrator describes that the effect of the grapes was popular, and soon, the royal family started to consume them in raw form. After some time, the king started wine preparation for the royal family, thus beginning the never-ending love humans have for wine.
Later, Egyptian pharaohs rediscovered wines. Around 3000 BCE, the rulers of Egypt developed a severe addiction to wine . Their thirst was insatiable, with production levels struggling to keep up, as grapes need time to ferment properly. Therefore, experts say they started the production of wine from dates, figs, and pomegranates when they ran out of a grape supply. The wine tasted and looked completely different from today’s and would usually be yellow, red, and white. Nevertheless, it formed the basis of today’s fine drink.
Today’s taste and texture
Modern wine best resembles the wines produced in Campania during the 1700s. Production methods during the eighteenth century were similar to those followed today, and the fermentation timing was also similar. Hence the similarity in overall taste and texture.
3000 BC: The earliest reference to wine is found in an Egyptian tomb dating back to 3000 BC. This discovery shows that wine was being made and consumed by ancient civilizations over 6,000 years ago.
1700s: Winemaking did not begin on a large scale until industrialization took hold in England during the 1700s, when people began using improved techniques including steam distillation and barrel aging (which involved storing wines in barrels).
 Wynne, Jackie. n.d. “The History of Wine | Flowers, wine and gifts.” Arena Flowers. Accessed September 2, 2022. https://www.arenaflowers.com/pages/history-of-wine/.