What Is the Drinking Age for Countries around the World?

Around the world, many young people eagerly anticipate the day they will finally be of legal drinking age and allowed to purchase alcohol. Many countries have set up a minimum drinking age. This age varies somewhat depending on cultural and social norms, generally between 16 and 25 years. Let’s examine the drinking ages throughout the world in more detail.

Middle East

United Arab Emirates

Because expats make up 89 percent of the UAE population, the country has continually adjusted its previously very conservative alcohol regulations since 2018. To drink lawfully in the UAE, a person must be at least 21 years of age, and the Ministry of Tourism by-law prohibits hotels from serving alcohol to people under the age of 21. Alcohol can only be drunk only in licensed public areas or in private. According to modifications to Federal Law No 3 of 1987 of the Penal Code, anyone caught selling alcohol to someone deemed underage shall be prosecuted.

Saudi Arabia

The legal drinking age in Saudi Arabia is 18. Drug and alcohol violations are viewed as crimes against God in the nation, where Sharia and Islamic laws are strictly upheld. Saudi Arabia has harsh penalties for importing, manufacturing, possessing, and using alcohol. Those found guilty face long prison sentences, large fines, and even deportation from the nation. Trading in alcohol involves a stiffer term, and individuals selling alcohol to Saudi nationals have received harsh punishments. Import restrictions apply to liquor, cooking wines, wine-making kits, alcohol-distilling equipment, as well as literature that teaches how to produce such beverages.

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Turkey

In Turkey, the legal drinking age is 18 years. Store owners must post signs and labels stating that tobacco products and alcoholic beverages cannot be sold to anybody under 18. Persons under 18 are not permitted to work in the marketing and sales of alcoholic beverages and tobacco products. Recently, the government under President Erdogan has tightened alcohol restrictions to move Islam even closer to the center of national affairs. During Ramadan, the country prohibits the sale of alcohol, and all alcohol counters are closed.

Iran

Iran’s official religion is Islam, hence alcoholic beverages cannot be produced anywhere in the country. This means that there are no liquor stores, bars, or nightclubs. Even the transportation of alcohol is prohibited, so there is no legal drinking age in Iran, even for tourism.

Egypt

Egypt’s legal drinking age is 21 years. The country is predominantly Muslim, and alcoholic beverages are not consumed by very observant Muslims. Generally, however, Egyptians have a more liberal and forgiving attitude to alcohol consumed by non-Muslims and tourists. Alcoholic beverages are sold in restaurants, bars, cafés, and liquor stores across Cairo. Alcohol consumption in public is considered inappropriate, if not offensive. The laws regarding alcohol are quite lax compared to other Islamic nations, with the exception of the month of Ramadan, when it is completely forbidden, and only people with foreign passports are allowed to buy it.

Bahrain

Bahrain has an 18-year-old minimum drinking age, though military and government personnel must be at least 21. Non-Muslims can buy alcohol in designated stores, but it is completely forbidden to consume alcohol anywhere in public. Alcohol consumption is punishable under Bahrain’s Penal Code, specifically Articles 306 and 307.

Oman

In Oman, the legal drinking age is 21 years. It is a serious offense in Omani law to consume alcohol in public or drive while intoxicated. In places that are authorized to sell and serve alcohol, such as hotels, clubs, and restaurants. Passengers under the influence of alcohol who travel through Omani ports may also be arrested.

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Asia

Japan

Individuals under the age of 20 are not permitted to consume alcohol, and violators face legal consequences. Riding a bicycle while drunk is also a serious offense, making Japanese alcohol laws some of the world’s most restrictive. Individuals must pay a fine of up to $1,000,000 or serve up to 5 years when they break the law. However, there are no tight prohibitions or limits on the availability of alcohol in Japan, and it is sold in most supermarkets.

Singapore

The drinking age in Singapore is 18 years old. Only adults can take alcohol in venues with licences can purchase some food products containing alcohol, such as alcoholic ice cream. An individual must produce proof of age in the form of an NRIC identification card, a driver’s license, or a passport to be sold alcohol.

China

There are no alcohol drinking laws in China. Alcohol is available in most stores seven days a week and can be consumed anywhere, in public and private. There is no minimum age to purchase alcohol in the country, and it is widely available and advertised.

South Korea

South Korea has a legal drinking age of 20 years. However, to properly understand the law concerning legal drinking age in Korea, one must first understand the Korean age-counting system. Everyone in Korea is one or two years older than their birth year as time spent in the womb counts and is added on top, so everyone in the country is one year old at the time of birth. For non-residents, the drinking age is 19 years old.

India

State-by-state, the legal drinking age in India ranges from 18 to 25 years. The government recently approved a new excise policy that allows new stores to be opened and alcohol sold more widely. In Bihar, Gujarat, Tripura, Lakshadweep, Mizoram, and Nagaland, alcohol is forbidden. Additionally, it is illegal in several Manipur districts. Each Indian state is governed by specific laws. The Uttar Pradesh Excise Act 1910, for instance, regulates the alcohol industry in India’s largest state. Underage males and girls are prohibited from working in places that sell alcohol under the Act. Another intriguing provision in the Act is the prohibition on liquor advertising.

Pakistan

The Prohibition Order of 1979 made drinking illegal for Muslims in Pakistan. Those convicted of consuming alcohol face 80 lashes under the penal code. It is, however, served to foreigners in five-star hotels.

Thailand

The legal drinking age is 20 years and it is illegal to take alcohol in public locations such as parks and schools. There is also a time limit for stores to sell alcohol. During the pandemic, Thai authorities noticed an uptick in the sale of alcohol online that could not be restricted by location or age. This scenario makes existing laws difficult to enforce. New regulations now carry a maximum fine of 10,000 baht ($320) and a prison sentence of up to six months.

Malaysia

In 2017, Malaysia raised the legal drinking age from 18 to 21 years.

Europe

Russia

Although Russia has a strong drinking culture, the government has recently enacted legislation to curb this trend. Although the legal drinking age is 18 years old, vodka and cognac are only sold to those over the age of 21. Large supermarkets must carefully examine an individual’s ID to determine their exact age and whether they can purchase a particular type of alcohol. There are different times during which selling alcohol is allowed in other cities. In Moscow, for example, it is illegal to sell alcohol between 11 p.m. and 8 a.m. It is illegal to take alcohol in public but its allowed in bars and restaurants. When someone is caught drinking in public, they must pay a fine ranging from 500 to 1500 roubles (US$8-25).

Germany

The legal drinking age is between 16 and 18 years old. The closing hours of bars are individually set by towns and cities rather than the state.

United Kingdom

People under the age of 18 are not permitted to consume alcohol, and it is illegal to sell, purchase, or consume alcohol on licensed premises. If you are 16 or 17, you can serve alcohol in a restaurant if you have a licence.

France

Under 18s should not take alcohol. France generally takes a liberal stance on alcohol. Unlike most countries, France has two drinking ages for different beverages: young people can drink or buy wine and beer at 16 and spirits at 18. France has gradually increased restrictions on drinking and smoking in public places over the last three decades, banning alcohol advertising on television in 1991.

Italy

If you are under 16, buying alcoholic beverages is prohibited since it is against the law to sell or offer alcohol to anybody under that age. A restaurant owner who sells alcohol to minors under the age of 16 or to anyone with a mental disability faces a fine and imprisonment. The young person is not punished. It is against the law to sell alcohol to children in Italy, however, it is not against the law to consume alcohol if you are under 16. There is no legal drinking age in Italy as a result.

Spain

Like in most European countries, the age is 18.  This also involves buying alcohol in clubs, bars, shops, and restaurants. Individuals under the age 18 can buy a beer or wine when they are with their parents. However, there is no minimum drinking age at home. Some of the strictest alcohol laws in Spain pertain to drink-driving. Compared to the UK, where the limit is 0.8, Spain’s limit is 0.5 milligrams of alcohol per milliliter of blood. Drunk driving has a multitude of punishments; for major offenses, offenders may get a term of three to six months in jail, community service, or a license suspension.

Netherlands

The Dutch Licensing & Catering Act established the country’s 18-year-old minimum drinking age. Alcohol drinking and possession in public places have the same legal age restrictions. Retailers may request identification from customers who appear to be under 25. Minors are caught with alcoholic beverages in public places may be fined. The current fine is €45 for minors aged 12 to 15 and €90 for minors aged 16 to 17. Dutch legislation does not restrict children from consuming alcohol in private residences. Driving is not authorized for anybody with a blood alcohol content of greater than 0.5 per thousand liters.

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United States

Minimum Legal Drinking Age (MLDA) laws establish the legal age at which a person can purchase alcoholic beverages. In the US, the MLDA is 21 years old. Each state had its own minimum drinking age regulations before the National Minimum Drinking Age Act was implemented in 1984. The earliest alcohol prohibitions in America were “blue laws,” which imposed restrictions on Sunday activities. Due to concerns about excessive drinking or for religious, moral, health, or public safety grounds, certain states have passed legislation limiting the sale of alcohol on Sundays.

Drinking alcohol safely requires experience, and inexperienced drinkers frequently put themselves and others in danger. The minimum drinking age is intended to help prevent this.

Even experienced drinkers can make mistakes when it comes to alcohol. Ensure to drink responsibly.

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