1999 - In Oregon, Bill Holloran started the “garagiste” movement.
Bill Holloran blurred the lines between suburban and rural communities when he turned his West Linn horse stable into a winery. Additionally, he employed Jay Somers, who is now J. Christopher, as a winemaker. This marked the start of Oregon’s “garagiste” movement. Actually, one of these suburbs’ Cooper Mountain Vineyards winery became the state’s first Demeter-Certified Biodynamic winery. Ten years later, the Oregon Environmental Council introduced the Carbon Neutral Challenge, the first national program to reduce carbon emissions in the wine industry. This is because sustainable practices are still being prioritized. More than 790 wineries exist in Oregon today, and vines there account for 52% of all US vineyards having Demeter Biodynamic certification.