The History of Champagne Sabrage
“Sabering” is the art of opening a wine bottle with a sword and requires some skill to accomplish successfully. Legend says that Napoleon Bonaparte’s soldiers were the first people to saber bottles of wine as they traveled through the countryside in Champagne with no time to dismount from their horses to uncork.
Sabering has since become a somewhat common spectacle at public events of celebration and defeat — for example, among Napoleon’s troops after the Battle of Waterloo (1815).
When a wealthy Champagne house owner, named François Clicquot died in 1805, his 27-year-old widow (in French, Veuve) took over the business and created her first vintage (Veuve Clicquot) in 1811. Napoleon’s soldiers would often visit her vineyard and have informal sabering competitions to impress her.
Today, swords and sabers are designed and manufactured for the sole purpose of sabering Champagne. On August 2, 2015, Ashrita Furman of New York, used a 13-inch “Arabian sabre” to open 66 wine bottles in one minute and set a new Guinness World Record. On September 5, 2015, another exciting sabering event took place in Mendrisio, Switzerland to raise money for a local first aid service. They too set a Guinness World Record, for the largest crowd to saber bottles simultaneously: 487.
The Physics of Champagne Sabrage
Champagne bottles are very thick to withstand the pressure of the bubbles. Early bottle designs had a tendency to explode, so the manufacturers kept making them thicker until they could withstand the pressure brought on by the secondary fermentation’s release of carbon dioxide. 
To successfully saber a Champagne bottle, you first have to chill the bottle. Then place the neck of the bottle in an ice bucket for 10-20 minutes to ensure the glass is very cold. Next, remove the foil and wire cage. Ensure the bottle is dry and not slippery before holding with the bottle with your non-dominant hand. Finally, find the seam on the bottle near the neck; this is where you will be striking the bottle.
The pressure in the bottle plus the pressure of the saber on the vulnerable seam causes the top of the bottle to separate and fly away.
The Champagne sword
A sword designed specifically for sabrage is called a champagne sword. Some swords have small, 12-inch (30-centimeter) blades that resemble long knives. Because the impact is what matters in sabrage, the blade’s edges should be blunt; a sharpened edge is not essential.
Read Next: Taittinger Champagne House
Famous Instances of Champagne Sabrage
- Napoleonic Wars: Champagne sabrage is said to have originated during the Napoleonic Wars, when soldiers in Napoleon Bonaparte’s army would open bottles of Champagne with their sabers to celebrate their victories.
- Royal weddings: Champagne sabrage has been featured at several royal weddings, including the wedding of Prince Harry and Meghan Markle in 2018, when a sabrage ceremony was performed by a member of the British Armed Forces.
- Presidential inaugurations: Champagne sabrage has been featured at several presidential inaugurations, including the inaugurations of Presidents John F. Kennedy and Barack Obama.
- Sporting events: Champagne sabrage has been featured at several sporting events, including the Tour de France and the Wimbledon tennis tournament.
- Film and television: Champagne sabrage has been featured in several films and television shows, including the James Bond film “Skyfall” and the HBO series “Game of Thrones.”
- Special dinners and events: Champagne sabrage has also been featured at special dinners and events, such as the White House Correspondents’ Dinner and the Golden Globe Awards.
- Celebrity events: Champagne sabrage has been featured at several celebrity events, including the Academy Awards and the Cannes Film Festival.
Wine Sabers are available for purchase online.
Want to know more? Take a look at these books!
Wine Pairing Recommendation
- Becky Sue Epstein, Champagne: A Global History (Reaktion Books, 2011), 189-190.
- Smith, Blake. 2017. “What Is The Origin And History Of Sabering Champagne?” Kazzit. https://kazzit.com/wine-blog/what-is-the-origin-and-history-of-sabering-champagne.html
- Malin, Joshua, and Adam Teeter. 2014. “Legends & Myth: The History Of Champagne Sabering.” VinePair. https://vinepair.com/wine-blog/history-champagne-sabering/
- “Most champagne/sparkling wine bottles opened in one minute,” Guinness World Records. Available: https://www.guinnessworldrecords.com/world-records/most-champagne-bottles-sabered-in-one-minute. Accessed 21 June 2022.
- “Most people opening champagne/sparkling wine bottles simultaneously,” Guinness World Records. Available: https://www.guinnessworldrecords.com/world-records/most-champagne-bottles-sabered-simultaneously-. Accessed 21 June 2022.
- En.wikipedia.org. 2022. Sabrage – Wikipedia. [online] Available at: <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sabrage> [Accessed 3 July 2022].