South Africa is known for its struggle for independence and the white occupation that lasted for centuries. One part of the country’s history that has stood out is its early connection to wine culture. The Cape wine was established in the mid-17th century by the Dutch East India Company.
The initial goal of the Company was to establish a refreshment station at the Cape to offer fresh food to the merchant fleet on their voyages to India and the surrounding areas. Later on, the purpose of the refreshment station evolved, leading to a flourishing wine industry, followed by the birth of a nation. Cape was an important port for the Dutch traders, making it an ideal choice for sailors to stop over to enjoy recreations and refreshments. The strategic geographic location of the region significantly contributed to the establishment of the wine industry. Similarly, the wine industry’s development is considered an integral part of South African history.
Jan Van Riebeeck was the first governor of Cape. He planted the first vineyard in 1655, and four years later, the first wine was produced from Cape grapes. His efforts and early success encouraged other local farmers to plant vines on a large scale at Roschheuvel, the modern-day Bishopscourt, Wynberg. In the beginning, most local farmers were reluctant to embark on the new venture. However, Riebeeck plaid a critical role in ensuring high production by encouraging more farmers to plant vines on a larger scale.
Initially, there were challenges and setbacks due to farmers’ lack of skills and their ignorance of viticulture. Things improved, however, when Simon van der Stel succeeded Rieneeck in 1679. Stel was not only exceptionally knowledgeable but was also enthusiastic about viticulture and winemaking. He began his venture by planting a vineyard on his farm Constantia and producing wine. Later, the Cloete family acquired the farm as producers of globally recognized wines. Constantia is still recognized as among the finest wines in the world today, and it is, therefore, a result of the efforts of these pioneer vintners that South Africa’s wine has a place on the global map.
The French Huguenots who settled in the area between 1680 and 1690 greatly influenced the early Cape wine industrial development. The group was comprised of individuals with few financial capabilities, something that forced them to lead simple lives. They used their winemaking techniques to compete for a place in a society dominated by wealthy Dutch people. The Huguenots’ rich culture and processes left long-lasting impressions on the Cape wine culture.
 Williams, Gavin, “Slaves, workers, and wine: the ‘Dop system’in the history of the Cape Wine industry, 1658–1894,” Journal of Southern African Studies 42, no. 5 (Sept. 2016), p. 895.
 Ibid 896.
 Stanwood, Owen, “Between Eden and empire: Huguenot refugees and the promise of new worlds,” The American Historical Review Vol. 118, no. 5 (Dec. 1st 2013), p. 1319-1344.
 WoSA, Three Centuries Of Cape Wine, https://www.wosa.co.za/The-Industry/History/Three-Centuries-of-Cape-Wine/. [Accessed on 2nd March 2022].