October 3, 1226: Francis of Assisi died while in his mid-forties. He was canonized as a saint by Pope Gregory IX just two years later. Francis developed a new type of religious order during his lifetime. Over the centuries that followed, the Franciscans would play a significant role in the development of viticulture in both the Old World and the New.

October 3, 1842: On this day, Isaias Hellman was born in Reckendorf, Germany. Hellman was raised in Germany but moved to Los Angeles, United States, in 1859, where he became the city’s first banker and helped to found the University of Southern California. Hellman bought Rancho Cucamonga after it fell into foreclosure and transformed it by selling some of it and attracting investors to invest in its wine production. Under Hellman, Rancho Cucamonga became highly profitable until the prohibition period. In the 1970s, a number communities which had developed on the land unified into the city of Rancho Cucamonga.

October 3, 1940: On this day, Éric de Rothschild was born. In 1973, he succeeded his uncle Baron Elie Robert de Rothschild as manager of Château Lafite Rothschild, a role which he holds to this day. He guided the estate to recovery from its difficult years in the early-mid 1970s.

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