May 13, 1787: The first fleet, led by Captain Arthur Phillip, sailed from Portsmouth in England on this day with more than 1400 people aboard which includes convicts, marines, sailors, civil officers, and free settlers. It would take them more than 250 days to travel more than 24,000 kilometers to arrive at Botany Bay in New South Wales, where a penal colony would later become the first European settlement on the continent. Grape vines were initially introduced to Australia by this First Fleet in 1788, having brought them from the Cape of Good Hope and Brazil. Initial vine plantings in Sydney Cove struggled due to heat and humidity, leading to failure.
May 13, 2016: On this day, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled in favor of two winemakers who used the unregistered family name BELLUSSI. Since 1983, the plaintiff registered trademarks for promoting high-end sparkling wines throughout the country and beyond the world. The defendant, a small firm, had reportedly been using the same family name as an unregistered trademark in the area since the 1970s.
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