January 3, 1862: On this day, Domingo Faustino Sarmiento entered office as governor of San Juan province in north-western Argentina. Sarmiento was a writer, politician, and activist who forged a new paradigm for Argentinian education, infrastructure, and cultural values. He was also responsible for inviting the French agronomists who brought Malbec grapes to Argentina, which is now the varietal for which the country is best known.

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