INTRODUCTION

Fine wine from France is famous throughout the world.

Wine lovers visit vineyards across France to discover new wines and taste some of their favorites. France is one of the world’s top producers of wine, turning out approximately 7-8 billion bottles annually. The timelines highlight significant moments in the history of French wine and shed light on how great French wine came to be.

  • 6th century BC

    The first wine was produced in France

    French wine dates back to the Greek colonization of Southern...
  • 125 BC

    Planting of the “Narbonnaise,” a vast wine region through by the Via Domitia begun

    Narbonne, the provincial capital of the Gaule narbonnaise, was established...
  • 7 BC
  • 43 AD

    First vines in Bordeaux

    Bordeaux wine production appears to have started sometime after 43...
  • 92 AD

    Roman Emperor Domitian prohibited the planation of grapes in Rome

    In addition to forbidding the planting of new grapes in...
  • 496 AD

    Champagne’s place in history was secured

    Before the Middle Ages, wine was blessed and used to...
  • 800-888 AD

    Influence of the Carolingian era

    With the rise of vineyards in medieval France, a new...
  • 1098

    Citeaux monastery was founded

    A group of monks from Molesme Abbey established Cîteaux Abbey...
  • 1110

    In Burgundy, Clos de Vougeot vineyard was established

    The majority of the vineyard land belonging to the municipality...
  • 1152

    The marriage of Henry Plantagenet and Aliénor d’Aquitaine impacted wine production

    Despite being widely consumed locally, French wine was rarely exported...
  • 1295

    The effect of the Auld Alliance

    The Scots had easy access to French wines thanks to...
  • 13th Century
  • 1305

    The move of the papacy to Avignon from Rome

    Following Pope Clement V’s election in 1305, the pope was...
  • 1453
  • 1531

    The process of turning still wine into sparkling wine was discovered

    The method of converting still wine into sparkling wine was...
  • 1600-1650

    Wine and Brandy Trade between France and the Dutch Republic increased

    The Dutch (especially those from Holland and Zeeland) had a...
  • 1668

    The abbey of Hautvillers selected Brother Pierre Perignon as its treasurer

    Located north of Épernay, the abbey of Hautvillers appointed Brother...
  • 1756

    The Academy of Bordeaux requested papers from students on the subject of wine clarification

    With university-sponsored studies and treatises on wine-related themes, the study...
  • 1814

    love of Champagne that united the European powers at the Congress of Vienna

    The four major European nations that opposed the French Empire...
  • 1855

    The 1855 classification of Bordeaux in 1855 Paris Exposition

    Emperor Napoleon III asked the Bordeaux merchants to compile a...
  • 1863

    First case of Phylloxera was recorded in France

    Europeans had been experimenting with American vines and plants in...
  • 1907

    Languedoc growers’ uprising occurred

    The French government of Georges Clemenceau suppressed the Revolt of...
  • 1919

    the law Protection of Appellations of Origin introduced

    Geographical indications of the origins of products, particularly wine and...
  • 1935

    Burgundy wine region created

    Burgundy wine is produced in the valleys and slopes west...
  • 1935
  • 1936

    Loire Valley wine region established

    Despite being the third-largest producer in France, Loire Valley is...
  • 1948

    Creation of Law to establish the ‘Conseil Interprofessionnel du Vin de Bordeaux’

    The Bordeaux Wine Council, or “CIVB,” is an organizing body...
  • 1949

    VDQS wine areas were created

    In order to bridge the gap between the most renowned...
  • 1951

    Provence VDQS first established

    The major appellation of the Provence wine area in southeast...
  • 1953

    Alsace Wine Route established

    The Alsace Wine Route is France’s first wine route. Its...
  • 1969

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