Nero di Troia, a bold and captivating Italian wine, has been gaining notable recognition among wine enthusiasts globally. This intriguing varietal, with roots in Puglia, Italy’s “heel,” boasts a storied past, vibrant flavors, and a promising future. This article delves into the exceptional profile of Nero di Troia, exploring its history, characteristics, vinification, and pairing possibilities.

Historical Origins

Nero di Troia, also known as Uva di Troia, is steeped in ancient history. The grape’s name, translating to “Black of Troy,” hints at its legendary origins. There’s a theory that the variety came to Italy with Diomedes, a hero of the Trojan War, lending an aura of mythology and grandeur to this wine [1]. However, modern ampelographers suggest that Nero di Troia is native to Puglia, where it has been cultivated for centuries.

Viticultural Characteristics

Nero di Troia is primarily grown in Puglia, specifically in the provinces of Foggia and Barletta-Andria-Trani. The grape enjoys the hot, dry climate and calcareous soils of the region, contributing to its robust character and distinct taste profile [2].

The vine is known for its low yields and late ripening, often harvested after other local varieties like Negroamaro and Primitivo. This late ripening allows for a more prolonged accumulation of phenolic compounds, leading to wines with significant tannic structure and depth of flavor.

Wine Profile

Nero di Troia wines express a strong personality, marked by intense colors, pronounced tannins, and high acidity. The wines typically display a deep ruby hue, bordering on purple. On the nose, Nero di Troia offers rich, complex aromas of dark fruit, such as blackberries and plums, often layered with floral notes of violets and spicy nuances of black pepper and clove [3].

The wine’s palate confirms these aromatic hints, showcasing a full body and robust structure balanced by a refreshing acidity. The tannins, while considerable, are generally well-integrated and contribute to the wine’s excellent aging potential.

Vinification and Aging

Nero di Troia’s winemaking process varies, depending on the desired style. For a more approachable, fruit-forward style, winemakers may choose to ferment and age the wine in stainless steel tanks to preserve its fresh fruit flavors. On the other hand, for a more complex, age-worthy wine, the winemaking process might involve fermenting the wine in oak barrels to promote the integration of tannins and the development of additional flavors such as vanilla, toast, and smoke [4].

These aging-worthy Nero di Troia wines can evolve beautifully over time, with the fruit flavors mellowing out and the tannins softening to reveal an increasingly nuanced and sophisticated palate.

Food Pairing

Given its bold, full-bodied nature, Nero di Troia pairs well with robust, hearty dishes. Traditional Puglian cuisine, such as lamb stew, rich pasta dishes, or aged cheeses, complement the wine’s rich fruit flavors and balance its tannic structure [5]. The wine’s high acidity also makes it a great match for fatty dishes, as it can cut through the fat and cleanse the palate.


Nero di Troia is a compelling wine varietal that encapsulates the richness of Puglia’s terroir and the depth of Italy’s winemaking heritage. With its robust character, complex flavors, and fascinating history, it offers a unique tasting experience that is increasingly capturing the attention of wine enthusiasts.

A Closer Look at Nero di Troia’s Growing Popularity

Though historically overshadowed by Puglia’s more popular varietals, Primitivo and Negroamaro, Nero di Troia has recently been attracting greater attention both domestically and internationally. Its innate versatility allows winemakers to produce a range of styles, from fresh and fruity young wines to complex, age-worthy vintages. This adaptability, combined with the wine’s inherent depth and complexity, has led to a resurgence of interest in the grape [6].

Furthermore, wine lovers and sommeliers are increasingly drawn to indigenous and lesser-known grape varieties. In this context, Nero di Troia is gaining ground, appreciated for its rich expression of its native terroir and its distinct flavor profile.

Nero di Troia in the Wine Industry

The Italian wine industry recognizes the potential of Nero di Troia. It is one of the permitted varieties in several Denominazione di Origine Controllata (DOC) and Denominazione di Origine Controllata e Garantita (DOCG) wines in Puglia, such as Castel del Monte, Rosso Barletta, and Cacc’e Mmitte di Lucera [7].

Additionally, winemakers are continually experimenting with Nero di Troia, exploring its potential in blends and as a single varietal wine. The results are promising, with a growing number of Nero di Troia wines receiving high scores from wine critics and at international wine competitions.


Nero di Troia is more than just a wine; it’s a captivating tale of history, culture, and terroir, expressed in a glass. Its growing popularity is a testament to the enduring appeal of wines that offer a distinct sense of place and a unique tasting experience. Whether you’re a seasoned oenophile or a curious wine enthusiast, Nero di Troia provides an exciting opportunity to explore the lesser-known treasures of Italian viticulture.


  1. Robinson, J., Harding, J., & Vouillamoz, J. (2013). Wine Grapes: A Complete Guide to 1,368 Vine Varieties, Including Their Origins and Flavours. Ecco.
  2. Johnson, H., & Robinson, J. (2013). The World Atlas of Wine 7th Edition. Mitchell Beazley.
  3. MacNeil, K. (2015). The Wine Bible. Workman Publishing.
  4. Puglia Wines Consortium. (2021). Nero di Troia: The grape variety of Puglia. Retrieved from
  5. Bastianich, J., & Lynch, D. (2005). Vino Italiano: The Regional Wines of Italy. Clarkson Potter Publishers.
  6. Suckling, J. (2021). The Resurgence of Puglia’s Nero di Troia. Retrieved from
  7. Italian Wine Central. (2022). Nero di Troia. Retrieved from

Also read:

See more Resources here

Want to read more? Try these books!

Vino- The Essential Guide to Real Italian Wine Burton Anderson's Best Italian Wines

Share This Story, Choose Your Platform!